24 сентября 2021 03:33

Выпуск №12 от 10.12.2020

Borders Get Wider

Railway Workers Develop International Cooperation

The Central Directorate for Management of the Terminal and Warehouse Complex participates in the implementation of projects aimed at the development of international transportation. This is the logistics of container transportation, and contracts with suppliers, and modernization of areas, and new services.
Container train from China

The first container train with cargo from the city of Zibo, Shandong province, China, arrived in Ulyanovsk on July 14, 2020. The departure of a container train is the result of the successful interaction of the structural divisions of Russian Railways (Kuibyshev Directorate for Management of the Terminal and Warehouse Complex, Kuibyshev Territorial Center for Corporate Transport Services (TCCTS) with TransContainer PJSC, implemented as part of a project to develop a logistics route. Thanks to successful cooperation, a direct railway route from China to Russia was laid for the first time in the Volga Federal District (Volga Federal District).

The train with a total length of 805.5 m made its way from Shandong province to Ulyanovsk-3 station in a record 14 days.

After the cars were delivered to the Ulyanovsk-3 station, the Kuibyshev Directorate for Terminal and Warehouse Complex Management provided a full range of services for unloading large-tonnage containers, placing them in the customs storage area, sorting products and sending them to the end consumer by their own vehicles. For this, the employees of Russian Railways prepared and expanded the customs control zone, applied a flexible system of discounts for all customers.

The train includes 53 containers with loads of 13 items (auto parts, building materials, oil and gas equipment, sporting goods). For Ulyanovsk recipients, 20% of cargo will remain, the rest went to Nizhny Novgorod, Bashkiria, Cheboksary, Samara Region, as well as to the regions of the North Caucasus.

The bulk of cargo (50 containers) is the result of the Memorandum of Cooperation signed in April 2019 between PSEZ «Ulyanovsk» and SEZ «Zibo» within the framework of the project «One Belt – One Road». The main area of joint work is the creation of a bilateral international trade channel – a logistics route for the delivery of goods from China to Russia, Europe and back.

In the future, it is planned to organize a monthly dispatch of four container trains on Zibo – Ulyanovsk – Zibo route. Also, the first train included three containers for the clients of Omega LLC and Soyuz LLC.

The preparatory work of the port area specialists took more than a year. In November 2019, they organized a visit of Chinese specialists from Zibo SEZ, the Chinese Railway and Customs, and jointly conducted a logistics audit. As a result, an agreement was reached on the dispatch of the train. The train was supposed to leave in the first quarter of this year, but due to the epidemiological situation, its dispatch had to be postponed.

The project will contribute to the development of international trade, and the special tax and customs regime of the port economic zone will be a great advantage. Companies of Ulyanovsk region and Volga Federal District will be able to export their goods to China.

The favorable geographical position of Ulyanovsk region makes it possible to declare the formation of a free trade zone with the PRC. Currently, PSEZ «Ulyanovsk» includes 32 residents; in the near future, six more companies may be added.

Issue of VGM certificates

The service of the Central Directorate for the management of the terminal and warehouse complex for issuance of VGM certificates is expanding its polygons.

VGM (Verified Gross Mass) is a declaration of confirmation of the gross mass of a container, or a weighing certificate. This document is accompanied by any container with cargo at the exit from any port in the world. To send an export container by sea, the consignor is obliged to present at the port information on its weight, certified by VGM. This data allows you to accurately distribute the weight of the cargo on the ship.

In August 2020, this service began to be provided at the Far Eastern Road test site. The first batch of containers sent by RZD-Logistics to Thailand and South Korea have already received VGM certificates. Weighing and issuance of VGM certificate is carried out at two stations of the Far Eastern road – Khabarovsk-2 and Pervaya Rechka (Vladivostok). There, the loading points are equipped with specialized truck scales.

In September 2020, a similar service was provided by NJSC SVEZA Novator by the Northern Directorate for Terminal and Warehouse Complex Management. The service is provided at the production site Veliky Ustyug. To determine the weight of the cargo, pallet scales were purchased and installed. The workers weigh the plywood bundles before loading them, add their weight with the weight of the container and issue the consignor – NJSC SVEZA Novator – VGM-certificates for containers shipped to the port of St. Petersburg. In the port, containers almost immediately enter the loading area, whereas before they could stand idle for days, waiting for weighing. The client now pays for all services to one supplier and in one place.

If other clients are interested in the service, sending their cargo in containers through Novy Port, Avtovo, Novorossiysk and other international seaports, the Central Directorate for the management of the terminal and warehouse complex is ready to expand the geography of VGM certificate.

From Kuzbass to China

A container train was dispatched from Kemerovo-Sortirovochnoe station of Kuzbass region of the West Siberian road on September 18, 2020. The batch of lumber is destined for consumers in China. This is the first dispatch of a container train from the capital of Kuzbass directly from the railway, and not from the industrial infrastructure.

The cargo was sent by the freight forwarding company «Alliance-TransTorg». The train, which included 31 platforms with 51 containers, proceeded from Kemerovo through the border crossing with Kazakhstan at Dostyk station to Tuanjetsun station (PRC) on schedule and without disbandment along the way. Due to this, the delivery time was four days against the usual six to seven.

Previously, container trains were not dispatched from Kemerovo-Sortirovochnoe station. Cargoes from the capital of Kuzbass were transported by road to the terminals of the road in Novosibirsk and Barnaul, where container trains were formed, or containers were sent from Kemerovo as part of group trains.

Thanks to the implementation of the project, the road receives additional traffic volumes, and shippers now have the opportunity to send cargo through the railway terminal located in the immediate vicinity of the production facility, they do not need to transport products by road hundreds of kilometers away to other terminals of the highway. This means saving money, reducing the load on roads, avoiding traffic jams, and improving the environment. In the future, the shipper expects to send two or three container trains per month from Kemerovo-Sortirovochnoe station.

At the same time, it is planned to significantly expand the range of cargo.

Port agreement

In September 2020, an agreement was signed between Privolzhskaya Directorate for Management of the Terminal and Warehouse Complex and PKF Central Cargo Port LLC. The long-term contract with the port provides for the organization of delivery and transshipment of section steel from railway transport to river-sea vessels. This operation involves not only unloading from wagons, but also the delivery of goods to the place of loading on the port territory with further placement on board the ship.

A mobile platform for unloading steel has now been created at Kutum station.

One of the largest metal producers in Turkmenistan expressed a desire to cooperate with the port.

Thanks to the conclusion of this contract, the client received a comprehensive service. The work is organized harmoniously, since the freight terms of each vessel are limited.

Large-scale upgrade

In September 2020, at the cargo yard of St. Petersburg-Finlyandsky station, the Oktyabrskaya Directorate for Management of the Terminal and Warehouse Complex began to implement the next stage of terminal upgrade. There are three cargo support terminals in the northern capital. St. Petersburg-Finlyandsky and St. Petersburg-Tovarny-Moskovsky, located on different banks of the Neva, cover the needs of the city’s districts. The third terminal, for bulk and bulk cargo, is located in the suburbs of the Northern capital, at the Shushary station. The capacity of the latter is 3 million tons per year. For comparison, the terminal St. Petersburg-Finlyandsky processes six times less – only 0.5 million tons, while it has an advantageous geographical position – it is located in the city center.

That is why the terminal was chosen as a pilot one for reconstruction in 2020–2021 in accordance with the concept of a universal urban terminal with a low capacity.

Three cargo handling zones will remain in the cargo yard: container, heavy cargo area and unit cargo area. The upgrade concept provides for two main directions, which will be given special attention: arrangement of the yard infrastructure, which implies high-quality coverage of the site, equipment with reliable equipment, a navigation system, as well as the introduction of internal technologies, e.g., documents transfer.

The emphasis will be on IT technology. It is planned to purchase tablets for employees, optimize the distribution of cargo flows, and arrange information for customers in a convenient form.

One of these solutions has already been implemented at the terminal: a fast payment system has been launched from September 1. Now customers can pay for services directly at the terminal using a bank card or QR code.

Also in June, the first experimental unloading of a semi-trailer from a piggyback platform took place – this is another promising direction.

Now the site is being leveled at the cargo yard in the container park, the road is being asphalted. At the same time, loading and unloading operations do not stop for a minute.

Cargo Low-Cost Carrier

Kaliningrad directorate for management of the terminal and warehouse complex is preparing for implementation of new project «Freight Low-Cost Carrier».

This is a new service that is focused on switching the transportation of goods from road or sea transport to rail. The goal of the project is to attract freight owners – manufacturers of Kaliningrad region and such megalopolises as Moscow and St. Petersburg to faster transportation by reducing the delivery time of goods and optimal price by providing preferential rates for the volume of freight.

Within the framework of this project, one or two shippers will send groupage cargo from different cargo owners (manufacturers) in covered wagons, refrigerated containers and containers in the direction of Moscow and St. Petersburg with their return loading.

To implement the project, Kaliningrad Directorate worked with Oktyabrskaya and Moscow Directorates for the management of the terminal and warehouse complex to identify stations with the location of production sites within a radius of 50 to 100 km from the center of Moscow and St. Petersburg, technical and technological capabilities that allow unloading / reloading of goods from covered wagons and unloading / reloading of refrigerated containers.

In addition to loading and unloading operations, Kaliningrad, Moscow and Oktyabrskaya Directorates will provide freight forwarding services under the power of attorney of the consignor and consignee within the framework of CM-Forwarder project, namely: registration of SMGS railway consignment note, lending out shipping documents, as well as delivery and securing / cargo release.

Currently, Kaliningrad TCCTO is developing a single contract with the forwarder, which will include terminal and warehouse services on the Kaliningrad, Moscow and Oktyabrskaya roads.

Kaliningrad TCCTO is negotiating with the administrations of the railways of Lithuania, Latvia and Belarus on the provision of preferential tariff conditions for transit on the railways of the Republics of Lithuania, Belarus and Latvia. Discounts have already been received from the Lithuanian and Belarusian Railways.